macOS 10-13, ngày ra mắt, tin tức và những tính năng

macOS 10-13 High Sierra release date- news and features

Còn một tháng nữa, nhưng khi WWDC 2018 đang tới gần, đây là lúc thảo luận về macOS High Sierra 10.13, những điều gì cần đặt lên bàn cân và Apple sẽ tiếp tục như thế nào vào năm nay.

Dù rằng nó đã gặp rất nhiều vấn đề áp lực như là lỗ hổng password và những quan ngại về bảo mật khác, nhưng trải nghiệm của chúng ta với macOS high Sierra tới giờ vẫn rất khả quan. Tại thời điểm viết bài này, Apple đã sửa lại một số những vấn đề mà chúng ta gặp phải. Hơn nữa, những công cụ chỉnh sửa ảnh tích hợp cũng như hệ thống file được cải tạo lại đã bù đắp phần nhiều lại cho họ.

Đáng buồn rằng macOS High Sierra cũng là nạn nhân của những hạn chế tương tự như bản OS X Moutain Lion đã gặp phải: Nó giới thiệu nhiều tính năng mới, những đã thất bại trong việc đổi mới một cách kỹ lưỡng. Chúng ta cũng sẽ không biết cho đến cuối năm nay, bước đi của Apple sẽ là gì, tuy vậy, chúng tôi cũng đã nhận được nhiều báo cáo cho thấy các ứng dụng iOS đang dần bước chân vào macOS.

Đây là những gì bạn cần biết về macOS High Sierra trong lúc này.

Tóm tắt: 

macOS High Sierra là phiên bản 2017 của máy Mac của Apple, hiện tại đã sẵn sàng để cài đặt miễn phí

macOS 10.13 High Sierra release date

Apple revealed macOS 10.13 High Sierra at the WWDC 2017 keynote, which is no surprise, given Apple’s tradition of announcing the latest version of its Mac software at its annual developer event.

Yet, it wasn’t until September 12 that Apple revealed that the full release of High Sierra would launch little more than a week later, on September 25. There was a developer version of the operating system you could enroll in leading to the final release, but luckily that’s no longer required to take advantage of the latest features found in macOS 10.13.

However, should you be interested in testing out features before they’re officially seeded, Apple has carried over the beta program post-release, which is now on version 10.13.4. Now in its fourth beta, this version offers little more than the usual bug elimination and stability improvements. 

At the same time, it now uploads all Messages to the cloud and replaces iBooks with the newly rebranded ‘Books’ app. There’s also been a sweet smoke cloud wallpaper added across all systems that was formerly available only on the iMac Pro. 

For everyone else, the newest rendition of macOS as a whole is still 10.13.3 High Sierra, as we await the much-anticipated macOS 10.14.

macOS 10.13 High Sierra features

Beyond the Hackintosh users being reasonably worried about the newly enforced security checks on EFI firmware automatically implemented each week, Apple has revealed a number of awesome new features with macOS 10.13 High Sierra. 

These include improvements to Safari – which will now stop ad-tracking and auto-playing videos in their tracks – and a more expansive Spotlight Search in the Mail App. Additionally, when you’re composing emails, the app now allows split view for the compose window – and, to make matters better, it uses up to 35% less disk space.

The Photos app has been updated in macOS 10.13 High Sierra as well, with a better sorting tool to boot. All of this is accompanied by a new layout, better facial recognition thanks to neural networks, and improved syncing across all Apple devices.

Editing tools, too, have seen improvements, in turn making it easier than ever to enhance the quality of your photos without learning the ins and outs of Photoshop or Camera RAW. And of course, you can count on Instagram-like filters being a part of this.

One of the biggest changes that comes with macOS High Sierra is with the file system. It’s ditching the HFS – which Apple has used for around 30 years, and is now using the Apple File System (APFS) instead. 

Every Mac that has been upgraded to macOS High Sierra will receive these file system updates automatically with the exception of those sporting Fusion Drives and older HDDs. Similarly, all new Macs will ship pre-formatted for APFS.

To be exact, APFS is a 64-bit file system that supports native encryption and faster metadata operation. This may all sound a bit techy, but the bottom line is that this will make your Mac feel a lot faster, while also being more secure and more transparent about the nature of your files and folder contents. Unfortunately, this comes with the caveat of Apple’s confirmation that 32-bit apps will be discontinued in later versions of macOS High Sierra.

The update also brings HEVC, or H.265, video compression to the Mac. Apple claims that this new standard can compress video files 40% more than the previous-generation H.264 standard. The end result will be faster video streams at higher resolutions – ahem, 4K – and smaller video files sizes when stored locally.

VR finally comes to the Mac

One of the biggest bits of news surrounding macOS High Sierra is that it will finally bring support for virtual reality headsets officially. Namely, the HTC Vive and Steam VR will work with Macs running the new OS this autumn.

However, to use such a device, you'll need at least a 5K iMac or MacBook Pro – or, any Mac that can run the new OS with an external graphics card box attached via Thunderbolt 3. Support for such devices comes part and parcel with macOS High Sierra, but won't be an active function until spring 2018.

The good news is that macOS High Sierra comes with a helping of refinements to its graphics API that make up for the scarce GPU support. Metal was a step forward for hardware-accelerated 3D graphics, but with Metal 2, Apple promises less strain on the CPU as well as proper machine learning and better Xcode profiling/debugging in macOS High Sierra.

Perhaps more important, though, is the fact that MoltenVK was recently brought to Mac by Khronos Group. An implementation of the open-source Vulkan API, it’s said to bring frame rate gains of up to 50% in Dota 2. As it’s cross-platform, too – being supported by Windows and Linux as well as Apple’s devices – MoltenVK is likely to be more widely adopted by creators.

macOS 10.13 High Sierra, tính tương thích

May mắn rằng việc tạo ra những phiên bản macOS chỉ là thay đổi một chút, nên sự thay đổi về cấu hình yêu cầu là không quá nhiều. Bạn sẽ sử dụng được macOS với những model của máy Mac dưới đây:

  • Late 2009 iMac or newer 
  • Late 2009 MacBook/MacBook (Retina) or newer
  • Mid-2010 MacBook Pro or newer
  • Late 2010 MacBook Air or newer
  • Mid-2010 Mac Mini or newer
  • Mid-2010 Mac Pro or newer
  • 2017 iMac Pro

Nên nhớ rằng nếu bạn muốn tận dụng lợi thế của High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) của hệ điều hành macOS High Sierra, bạn sẽ cần thêm chiếc áo khoác - tối thiếu - là bộ xử lý Skylake thế hệ 6 của Intel. Không may rằng, điều đó sẽ giảm giá tất cả mọi thứ phát hành trước năm 2015, nhưng về mặt lợi, macOS sẽ mang đến một cuộc đua công bằng.

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